Ebola is one of the fastest spreading viruses in the whole world. There are millions of death reported in the last couple of years. A lot of countries are badly affected due to the Ebola Virus and the virus is just increasing day by day on a daily basis. Recently, Congo is experiencing the Ebola outbreak and the whole of Uganda is also affected by the virus as the virus is spreading rapidly and there is nothing that can be done. The scientists are devasted by the rapid increase of the virus in West Africa and the period of 2013 to 2016 has been crucial for the citizens.
The scientists have worked hard on developing the vaccine, treatments and protective measure to avoid more deaths because of the Ebola virus. That includes an Ebola vaccine developed by Merck & Co Inc that proved more than 95 per cent effective in clinical trials. The current Ebola outbreak has continued to spread crucially since August 2018 in Democratic Republic Congo’s North Kivu province. There are 2000 cases registered of Ebola virus and out of 2000, 1,400 of them have died to the virus.
The virus effect is also seen in Uganda and to those who are from across the border. Public health experts say this underscores the importance of factors beyond medicine – such as trust in authority, engagement, and accurate information – in successfully controlling outbreaks of infectious diseases. “Even in the presence of sensitive rapid testing, drugs and a vaccine, this Ebola outbreak has continued to burn on,” said Ian Mackay, a virologist and associate professor at the University of Queensland in Australia.
“The core drivers are all key human issues of trust, habits, fears, and beliefs. That is the mix that now underpins the spread of any disease.” Jeremy Farrar who is the director of the Wellcome Trust medical charity and a specialist in global health explained the difference between the issue which has Ebola in Congo and issues elsewhere, such as the surge of cholera in Yemen and the spread of measles in Ukraine, the United States and the Philippines.
The barriers are more social than scientific, he says. “No public health can work without the support of the society it’s in. The science is clear in all of these things, but unless it has not just tacit support, but engaged support, then public health really struggles,” Farrar said. Daniel Bausch, director of the UK public health also said, “There is so much information flowing, it gets very difficult to pick out the truth. This is not unique to Ebola or Africa — it’s a global problem.”